NO vs NOT

  • NO is an adjective, it is used with nouns. (No merupakan kata sifat yang mengikuti kata benda.)
  • NOT is an adverb, it is used with verbs and/or adjectives. (Not merupakan kata keterangan yang mengikuti kata kerja dan atau kata sifat.)

e.g. He has NO MONEY and does NOT speak English. (Dia ga punya uang dan ga berbicara dalam bahasa Inggris.)

We can also use NOT before much, many, any, enough and any article or numeral modifying a noun: (Not juga dapat digunakan sebelum much, many, any, enough, dan setiap artikel atau penomoran yang membatasi kata benda)

e.g. Not many people came to the meeting. (Tidak banyak yang datang pada pertemuan itu)

By Sibilla Cielo

Definition

no [nō]
adverb, interjection
1. indicating negative response: indicates a negative response, used to refuse, deny, or disagree with something

  • “Will you be taking the car?” – “No, not today.”
  • “Would you like coffee?” – “No, I’m fine, thanks.”
2. acknowledging negative statement: used to express acceptance or understanding of a negative statement made by somebody else

  • “Nobody seems to have the time to really listen these days.” – “No, they don’t.”
3. indicating disbelief: used to indicate shock, disbelief, or disappointment at something somebody has said

  • “The car’s going to be in the shop for another week.” – “Oh no!”
noun (plural noes or nos)
1. answer or vote: an answer or vote of “no”

  • They all gave resounding noes to the proposition.
2. somebody voting “no”: somebody who answers “no” to a question or votes against something

[ Old English < ne “not” + ā “ever”]

not [not]
adverb
1. forming negatives: a negative adverb used to form structures indicating that something is to no degree or in no way the case or conveying the general notion “no.”

It is often used to express refusal, denial, or the negation of a statement just made.

(often contracted in spoken and informal written English to “n’t”)

  • Don’t you think you’ve done enough?
  • Not every household has a dishwasher.
  • There’s nothing in my account, not one cent.
  • Not only was the meal expensive, the service was bad, too.
2. sentence substitute: used as a sentence substitute when indicating denial, refusal or negation, in order to avoid repetition

  • “Won’t you come with us?” “Certainly not.”
  • I don’t think I’ll be late, at least I hope not.
3. indicating opposite: tagged onto the end of a statement to indicate that the truth is the opposite of what has been stated (humorous)

  • You’re really going to enjoy this – not!

[14th century. Contraction of nought]

not at all used as a polite way of acknowledging somebody’s thanks
not that used to introduce a clause that explicitly denies something that the listener might infer from a previous or subsequent statement

  • I’m actually seeing her tonight. Not that it’s any of your business!
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