A Verb says something about a person or thing .
Verbs are divided into three different kinds :
- A Transitive Verb requires an object to complete its meaning.
a. The hunter killed a bear.
b. The scholar learned his lesson.
In ( a ) ” bear ” is the object of ” killed “.
In ( b ) ” lesson ” is the object of ” learned “.
Transitive Verb has two voice : —
a. The Active voice
b. The Passive voice
Note : – An Intransitive verb from its nature cannot have voices.
- The Active Voice represents the subject as acting upon an object.
Example : — The cat caught the mouse
In this sentence the subject ” cat ” does something to the object ” mouse , ” so the verb ” caught ‘ is in the active voice.
- The Passive voice represents the subject as being acted upon.
Example : — The mouse was caught by the cat.
Here the subject ” mouse ” was the thing acted upon, so the verb ” was caught ‘ is in the passive voice.
- An Intransitive Verb does not require an object to complete its meaning.
Examples : —
( a ) He sleeps
( b ) We go .
No object can come after such verbs as ” sleep “, ” go ” etc
- An Auxiliary Verb is used to help an other verb.
( a ) I shall go .
( b ) We have come .
Note : A verb that is helped by an auxiliary verb is called a Principal verb
In a ” shall ” is an auxilizry verb used to help the verb ” go ” to form a future time.
In b. ” have ” is an auxiliary verb used to help the verb ” come ” to express a time partly past and partly present.
Tenses of Verbs
1. Tense denotes the time of an action or its completeness .
2. There are three tenses : —
a . the Present Tense
b . the Past Tense
c . the Future Tense
|The Present Tense denotespresent time .|
The Past Tense denotes past time.
The Future Tense denotes future time.
I shall walk.
You will walk.
He will walk.
We shall walk.
You will walk.
They will walk.