A Verb says something about a person or thing .

Verbs are divided into three different kinds :

    1. A Transitive Verb requires an object to complete its meaning.

Examples :

a. The hunter killed a bear.

b. The scholar learned his lesson.

In ( a ) ” bear ” is the object of ” killed “.

In ( b ) ” lesson ” is the object of ” learned “.

Transitive Verb has two voice : —

a.  The Active voice

b.  The Passive voice

Note : – An Intransitive verb from its nature cannot have voices.

      • The Active Voice represents the subject as acting upon an object.

Example : — The cat caught the mouse

In this sentence the subject ” cat ” does something to the object ” mouse , ” so the verb ” caught ‘ is in the active voice.

      • The Passive voice represents the subject as being acted upon.

Example : — The mouse was caught by the cat.

Here the subject ” mouse ” was the thing acted upon, so the verb ” was caught ‘ is in the passive voice.

    1. An Intransitive Verb does not require an object to complete its meaning.

Examples : —

( a ) He sleeps

( b ) We go .

No object can come after such verbs as ” sleep “, ” go ” etc

    1. An Auxiliary Verb is used to help an other verb.

( a ) I shall go .

( b ) We have come .

Note : A verb that is helped by an auxiliary verb is called a Principal verb

In a ” shall ” is an auxilizry verb used to help the verb ” go ” to form a future time.

In b. ” have ” is an auxiliary verb used to help the verb ” come ” to express a time partly past and partly present.

Tenses of Verbs

1. Tense denotes the time of an action or its completeness .

2. There are three tenses : —

a . the Present Tense

b . the Past Tense

c . the Future Tense

The Present Tense denotespresent time .
I walk
You walk.

He walks.

The Past Tense denotes past time.

I walked.

You walked.

He walked.

The Future Tense denotes future time.

I shall walk.

You will walk.

He will walk.

We walk.
You walk.

They walk.

 

We walked.

You walked.

They walked.

 

We shall walk.

You will walk.

They will walk.

 Source

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About Habib

Hamba Allah swt., umat Rasulullah saw., lahir di Prabumulih pada Kamis, 26 Dzulhijjah 1410H.

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