A Verb says something about a person or thing .

Verbs are divided into three different kinds :

    1. A Transitive Verb requires an object to complete its meaning.

Examples :

a. The hunter killed a bear.

b. The scholar learned his lesson.

In ( a ) ” bear ” is the object of ” killed “.

In ( b ) ” lesson ” is the object of ” learned “.

Transitive Verb has two voice : —

a.  The Active voice

b.  The Passive voice

Note : – An Intransitive verb from its nature cannot have voices.

      • The Active Voice represents the subject as acting upon an object.

Example : — The cat caught the mouse

In this sentence the subject ” cat ” does something to the object ” mouse , ” so the verb ” caught ‘ is in the active voice.

      • The Passive voice represents the subject as being acted upon.

Example : — The mouse was caught by the cat.

Here the subject ” mouse ” was the thing acted upon, so the verb ” was caught ‘ is in the passive voice.

    1. An Intransitive Verb does not require an object to complete its meaning.

Examples : —

( a ) He sleeps

( b ) We go .

No object can come after such verbs as ” sleep “, ” go ” etc

    1. An Auxiliary Verb is used to help an other verb.

( a ) I shall go .

( b ) We have come .

Note : A verb that is helped by an auxiliary verb is called a Principal verb

In a ” shall ” is an auxilizry verb used to help the verb ” go ” to form a future time.

In b. ” have ” is an auxiliary verb used to help the verb ” come ” to express a time partly past and partly present.

Tenses of Verbs

1. Tense denotes the time of an action or its completeness .

2. There are three tenses : —

a . the Present Tense

b . the Past Tense

c . the Future Tense

The Present Tense denotespresent time .
I walk
You walk.

He walks.

The Past Tense denotes past time.

I walked.

You walked.

He walked.

The Future Tense denotes future time.

I shall walk.

You will walk.

He will walk.

We walk.
You walk.

They walk.


We walked.

You walked.

They walked.


We shall walk.

You will walk.

They will walk.



About Habib

Hamba Allah swt., umat Rasulullah saw., lahir di Prabumulih pada Kamis, 26 Dzulhijjah 1410H.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )


Connecting to %s