An Adjective qualifies a noun or a pronoun .
Adjectives are divided into six different kinds:
- Proper Adjectives are derived from proper nouns .
- Chinese soldiers fought bravely.
- We are studying the English language.
In ( a ) the word ” Chinese ” is a proper adjective because it is derived from the proper noun ” China ”
In ( b ) the word ” English ” is a proper adjective because it is derived from the proper noun ” England “.
Note : Every proper adjective should begin with a capital letter.
- Descriptive Adjectives qualify a noun by adding some quality or state to it.
- A brave soldier killed the enemy. ( quality )
- There are some sick soldiers in the hospital. ( state )
- Quantitative Adjectives indicate how much of a thing is meant .
- He has much rice.
- He has little rice.
- He has no rice.
- He has some rice.
- He has not any rice.
- He has enough rice.
- He has sufficient rice.
- He sold all the rice.
- Numeral Adjectives express number .
Numeral Adjectives are subdivided into (a) Definite and (b) Indefinite
a) Definite Numeral Adjectives denote some exact number. Those which show how many things there are are called Cardinals ; Those which show in what order things stand are called Ordinals .
- Cardinals : one, two three, etc.
- Ordinals : first, second, third, etc.
b) Indefinite Numeral Adjectives do not denote any exact number.
- All men are mortal.
- Some men died young
- No men were present.
- Many men are poor.
- Few men are rich.
- More men came today than yesterday.
- Most men must work for their living.
- Several men came.
- Sunday men went away.
- Demonstrative Adjectives show which thing is meant.
- This house is mine.
- That house is your.
These adjective sare also subdivided into Definite and Indefinite .
a) Definite demonstrative Adjectives point out some particular objects.
- He is in the house.
- This book is mine.
- That pen is yours.
- These books are mine.
- Those pens are yours.
- I cannot do such a thing as that.
- This is the same story as I heard the other day.
b) Indefinite Demonstrative Adjectives do not point out any particular object.
- He has an horse.
- He has not any brother.
- He saw me one day in the theater.
- A certain man came here.
- Some man came here.
- Give me any other box.
- I have another box.
- Other men would not do so.
- Distributive Adjectives point out that the objects named are to be taken separately.
There are only four distributive adjectives.
- I will give a book to each scholar in this class.
- Every person in the room was astonished.
- You may have either book.
- You may have neither book.