An Adjective qualifies a noun or a pronoun .

Adjectives are divided into six different kinds:

  1. Proper Adjectives are derived from proper nouns .
  • Chinese soldiers fought bravely.
  • We are studying the English language.

In ( a ) the word ” Chinese ” is a proper adjective because it is derived from the proper noun ” China ”

In ( b ) the word ” English ” is a proper adjective because it is derived from the proper noun ” England “.

Note : Every proper adjective should begin with a capital letter.

  1. Descriptive Adjectives qualify a noun by adding some quality or state to it.
  • A brave soldier killed the enemy. ( quality )
  • There are some sick soldiers in the hospital. ( state )
  1. Quantitative Adjectives indicate how much of a thing is meant .
  • He has much rice.
  • He has little rice.
  • He has no rice.
  • He has some rice.
  • He has not any rice.
  • He has enough rice.
  • He has sufficient rice.
  • He sold all the rice.
  1. Numeral Adjectives express number .

Numeral Adjectives are subdivided into (a) Definite and (b) Indefinite

a) Definite Numeral Adjectives denote some exact number. Those which show how many things there are are called Cardinals ; Those which show in what order things stand are called Ordinals .

  • Cardinals : one, two three, etc.
  • Ordinals : first, second, third, etc.

b) Indefinite Numeral Adjectives do not denote any exact number.

Examples :

  • All men are mortal.
  • Some men died young
  • No men were present.
  • Many men are poor.
  • Few men are rich.
  • More men came today than yesterday.
  • Most men must work for their living.
  • Several men came.
  • Sunday men went away.
  1. Demonstrative Adjectives show which thing is meant.
  • This house is mine.
  • That house is your.

These adjective sare also subdivided into Definite and Indefinite .

a) Definite demonstrative Adjectives point out some particular objects.

  • He is in the house.
  • This book is mine.
  • That pen is yours.
  • These books are mine.
  • Those pens are yours.
  • I cannot do such a thing as that.
  • This is the same story as I heard the other day.

b) Indefinite Demonstrative Adjectives do not point out any particular object.

  • He has an horse.
  • He has not any brother.
  • He saw me one day in the theater.
  • A certain man came here.
  • Some man came here.
  • Give me any other box.
  • I have another box.
  • Other men would not do so.
  1. Distributive Adjectives point out that the objects named are to be taken separately.

There are only four distributive adjectives.

Examples :

  • I will give a book to each scholar in this class.
  • Every person in the room was astonished.
  • You may have either book.
  • You may have neither book.



About Habib

Hamba Allah swt., umat Rasulullah saw., lahir di Prabumulih pada Kamis, 26 Dzulhijjah 1410H.

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